🚚 🚁 Збираємо на пікап та ремонт дрона аутел

⛑ 🛡 🥾 Шоломи, форма, взуття

Britain, France and the state of the Iberian Peninsula during the second half of XV century. (compendium)

While Jeanne and killed, right, started it, had a positive result.

In 1436 Charles VII entered Paris, and by 1453 the whole territory of France, except Calais City , was released from the British. Hundred Years War ended, although there was no sign of peace.

Hundred Years War had far-reaching consequences. In addition to destroying the country and its human losses, chief among them - the merger of France and creating a strong centralized state. The only army and the single tax were its main features . If previously knight went to war because it was associated with an oath of allegiance suzerain, the soldier - a duty to the state. Previously, adjustments to national needs took place with the consent of those who paid, but now had to pay taxes on nationality, and no agreement has not asked.

So, France withdrew from the war a different state that has determined her fate.

Upon completion of the Hundred Years War, some French land holdings are not included in the French king. Struggle for their accession was filled second half of XV century. Major role in completing the unification of France Louis XI played (1461 - 1483 рр.).

main obstacle to unifying the efforts of the king was the Duke of Burgundy Charles the Bold , which had a large ownership in eastern France and the Netherlands. Unlike other large feudal lords who have resisted Louis XI, Charles the Bold in their possessions carried the same policies as his opponent. In fact, the conflict between Louis and Charles was a conflict between two similar states. In this fight the winner Louis XI. decisive battle took place in 1477, near Nancy . Burhundtsi were defeated and Charles was killed. Louis XI was enthusiastic about the death of his chief opponent and immediately ordered him to take possession. Burgundy state ceased to exist. In Burgundy, Louis managed to attach to their colonies Picardy in the north, the Duchy of Berry in the center and county of Provence in southern France.

son of Louis XI - Charles VIII (1483 - 1498) joined last possession, which preserves the autonomy - the Duchy of Brittany (1491). Thus ended the long process of political centralization of France, which began in Capet and Valois dynasty ended with. In the XVI century. France was one of the most powerful and centralized states in Europe.