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Glossary (textbook)


Stockcompany - Organizational form for largeenterprises, capital, which is formed by combining individualCapital Society members - the shareholders.

Anarchism - Social and political movements that deny the necessitying state and other political power andpromotes unlimited individual liberty.

Anarcho-syndicalism - Trend in the labor movement that was submittedEuropean country under the influence of anarchism (from Greek - anarchy). Rejects politicalstruggle and the political role of the working party considers the highest form ofworkers union, supports the tactic of direct action (sabotage,boycott, the general strike).

The Bolsheviks - Representatives of political trends (fractions) in RSDLP (with 19YI7 was - an independent political party led by Lenin).B. The concept emerged in the II RSDLP Congress (1903), after Lenin's supporters were mostvotes, and their opponents - a minority (Mensheviks).

Boer (Afrikaner) - Synonymous Dutch, French And German colonists in South Africa.

Victorian - Period in the history of Britain (second half XIX cent.) when it reached the most power and stableinternal situation. Fell on the reign of Queen Victoria.

Home Rule ("self") - One of the main requirements irlandsity of the national movement of the late XIX Art.

The dictatorship of the proletariat - Marxism in the definition of government that established as a result of the revolution and is led by the proletariattheir party.

Dominion - Self-governing colony.

Expansion - Introduction of domination,influence the spread of something for the initial boundary (territorial, economic,political E.).

Elite - The most colorful public representatives, orparts, and other groups. E. - social strata, which is leadingposition in any field.

Industrialization - The process of creating a large machine productionAnd on this basis the transition from agricultural to industriallya civil society.

Capital - Funds and assets that generate revenue.

Clerical - Supporters of the rise of religion and church in political, spiritualsociety.

Colony - Country, territory that has no political, economic independence andunder the authority of a foreign state - metropolis.

Conservatism - A set of various ideological and political cultural currents thatbased on the idea of tradition and declinekoyemnostiin social and cultural life. K. For typical commitment to existingand established social systems and norms, rejection of revolution andradical reforms, advocating organic evolutionary development. K.opposed liberalism and socialism.

Liberalism - Ideological, social and political movements that emerged in Europe inXVII-XVIII Art. and proclaimed the principles of civil, politicaland economic freedoms. In XIX - Early XX Art. formed the main provisions L.: Civil Society, Law andfreedoms and the rule of law, democratic political institutions, freedomprivate enterprise and trade.

Marxism - Philosophical, economic and political doctrine,were pioneered by Marx and Engels.

Militarism - The policy of increasing military power of the state.

Modernization - The change process, during which lessdeveloped society gain features present more developed, ie, consciousof State for transformation in all spheres of public life withthe experience of advanced countries.

Nationalism - Ideology and politics, based on an idea of exclusivitynational priorities and national superiority, interpretation nation as a higher form of society.

National Question - A set of political, economic, legal, ideological and other problems arising during theinternational communication within the country.

Opposition - Party or group acting in contravention of the opinion majority or dominant thinking and puts forward an alternative policy, otherway to solve problems.

Opportunism - Policies на cooperationworkers and industrialists, to limit the labor movement struggle for reform.

Pan-Germanism - The political doctrine that claims superiority German over others and our need to proveits domination. AP foreign policy credo was the slogan: "Onslaught onEast.

Parliamentary - System of government in which clearly distributed functions legislative and executive authorities for a decisive roleParliament. Parliament acts in this system as subject and object of politicalstruggle and associated with existing in the country with traditional views ondemocracy.

Revisionism - Review and processing under the influencechanging conditions, any student of political principles and guidelines.

Reformism - Political trend that has become widespread inend XIX - Early XX Art. Its representatives argued for a gradual transformationsociety through progressive reforms for the implementation of the principle of socialjustice and harmony of social relations.

Satyahraha (stubbornness in truth) - A specific form of nationaltional liberation struggle in India, non-violent resistance to authorities.

Swadeshi - British boycott movement of goods in India.

Strike - A form of workers struggle for their rights. TerminationWork up to meet the requirements of economic or political nature.

Sufrazhyzm - The movement for women's voting rights. The most distribution obtained in England and the United States in late XIX - Early XX Art.

Sphere of influence - Part of the territory (a country or region comprising several countries), covered by the influence (political,economic) iyiishoyi state.

Cadet - Prussian landowner.