countries and peoples have always differed in the extent of providing the population with material and social benefits. The main criterion for determining the level of economic development the state has a value of Gross Domestic (or gross national) product per capita.
division of countries into groups depending on their level of economic development called the typology of states, respectively, of which sovereign states are divided into four types.
Economically Developed Countries (make 2 / 3 of the world GDP, about 30).
Developing countries (1 / 4 of the world GDP, approximately 130 countries).
countries with economies in transition (to 30 countries in Central and Eastern Europe, North and Central Asia).
The centrally-managed economy: China, Cuba, North Korea, Vietnam.
Besides GNP (GDP) in the allocation of types of countries using a new integrated indicator of social development of the so-called Human Development Index (HDI) which takes into account the size of real income per capita, life expectancy and educational attainment population. The highest rates of HDI are economically developed countries (USA, Japan, Germany, France, Britain, Italy and Canada), other Western European countries, Australia and New Zealand.
Typology of countries by level of socio-economic development is of practical importance. Since the UN to solve the problems of overcoming the backwardness of developing countries, determine the state most in need of financial and humanitarian assistance.
Gross domestic product (GDP) is defined as the total value of all final products released in the country for a year.
Gross National Product (GNP) consists of the GDP for the deduction of profits of foreign companies in the country and with the addition of profits earned by entrepreneurs of this country abroad.