Recreational (from Latin - recovery ) resources - the natural and man-made objects and phenomena that can be used for recreation, tourism and medical treatment.
Recreational resources are divided into: recreational and cultural-historical no.
natural recreational resources:
- mountain landscapes suitable for leisure, recreation and ski industry ;
- sea coast, river banks and lakes, suitable for coastal and beach holiday ;
- area with comfortable climate (warm islands of the seas and oceans), forests, mineral springs, therapeutic mud, national parks, preserves or not run in the exotic territory .
to cultural and historical include cultural objects, monuments of history and architecture, religious and religious centers, historical centers and more.
All recreation facilities - be it architectural monument, or a picturesque landscape, or nature reserve - is constantly exposed to damaging factors: pollution, erosion, moisture, irresponsible human actions, increasing urbanization, mass tourism . To preserve for future generations cultural and natural heritage of humankind, UNESCO adopted in 1972 Convention on the Protection of World Cultural and Natural Heritage . Within Convention the committee that approved World Heritage List , which is constantly updated. Introduction to Object List draws attention to government and public organizations in the country to the problems of preserving national heritage.
In Ukraine List World Heritage entered the Kiev-Pechersk Lavra, St. Sophia Cathedral, the historic center of the city and the Danube Biosphere Reserve.
availability and use of recreational resources play an important role in the economic development of many countries. In particular, European countries have a unique combination of recreational, cultural and historic resources along with a developed transport infrastructure and excellent service attracts the largest number of international tourists every year. Significant recreational resources are in Asia, but political instability in many regions of the world that hinders their full use. Big Opportunities in cognitive development and sports tourism are African, but because of low economic development (primarily because of underdeveloped transport and service sectors) they are used very loosely.
rapidly developing ocean tourism. Spaces of oceans and seas create excellent conditions for cruise tourism. Travel on comfortable ships liners allow wealthy tourists to see the exotic countries, visiting the most remote corners of the planet.