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Oil and gas (compendium)

oil and gas are the parts of the world oil industry. Oil Industry includes extraction, transportation and oil refining. The distribution of world oil production is presented on the pie chart. The main suppliers of oil to the world market is a developing country. Over 40% of the production and 60% of exports accounted for the OPEC - Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries , which brings together 12 countries in Asia, Africa and South America. OPEC created in 1960 to conduct a coordinated policy on the oil market in the interests of countries - participants. A significant proportion of mining and oil exports also account for countries that do not belong to OPEC (Russia, Norway, UK). The main consumers of oil are developed countries. They focused a powerful oil company. Therefore, the main aim of the cargo oil and Middle East to Western Europe, Japan, China and North America. In dewhich developing countries, create their own refining capacity (the Gulf states, Venezuela), and it increases in their share of exports of finished petroleum products.

Gas industry provides mining, transportation, storage and processing of natural gas. Gas within the continents are mainly pipelines (80%) and over long distances (eg from the Middle East to Japan) gas transported in liquefied state special vehicles. This method of transportation leads to a noticeable rise in gas, so a large part of it is consumed in countries that produce gas.

largest exporter of natural gas are Russia, Canada, Norway, Algeria, Indonesia, Turkmenistan.